Научная работа

 

 

Contact :  http://nis.gsu.by/

 

TECHNOLOGY OF ORGANIZATION OF INDUSTRIAL AND AMATEURING GROWING OF EDIBLE MUSHROOMS: SHIITAKE, ENOKI MUSHROOM, KING OYSTER MUSHROOM, OYSTER MUSHROOM

Application : It is intended for use by organizations and farms, including agroecoframs. Description : Cellulose-containing wastes from agriculture and forestry are used as the base substrate. The duration of one cycle of cultivation is 2–6 months, depending on the type of fungus. Commodity yield in this case is up to 25 % of the initial mass of the substrate, i.e. with 1 ton of raw substrate you can get up to 250 kg of mushrooms.

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Technical and economic advantages of the technology : The technology allows to use local vegetational wastes  and produce ecologically pure mushroom product. The technology can be adapted for specific conditions with minimal expenses. Technological monitoring is carried out at all stages of mushroom production. The technology application allows to raise commercial output by 10–15 % as compared to the existing foreign technologies, to broaden the assortment of the cultivated mushrooms. Current stage of the project (development) realization : A number of technological processes was developed for mycothallus of the above mentioned mushrooms” production, that can be adapted for specific conditions; highly productive strains of these mushrooms can be selected and experimental lots of mycothallus of the above-mentioned fungi developed.

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Potential consumers of the technology : Enterprises of agriculture and food industry, forestry enterprises Production consumers (mycothallus consumers) – trade and processing national and foreign enterprises.

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Commercial offer : Implementation of research, development and experimental work (development of technology for the production of mycothallus for specific customer requirements), services for training the production staff of the customer for technological methods of growing seeded mycelium (mushroom picking) and mycothallus: shiitake, enoki mushroom, king oyster mushroom, oyster mushroom.

VYACHESLAV TRUKHONOVETS
DOCENT OF FORESTRY DISCIPLINES DEPARTMENT
CANDIDATE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
tel. +(375 232) 57-11-15, fax +(375 232) 60-30-02,
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APPLICATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR BIOPHARMACEUTICALS IN MAIZE CULTIVATION

Application Applied in agricultural establishments in maize cultivation.Description Biofertilizer PoliFunkur. Manufacturer: State Scientific Institution “Institute of microbiology of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus”. Weight percentage of organic substances is no less than 60 %. Weight percentage of nitrogen (N) – 1,5 %, phosphorus (P2O5) – 1,5 %, potassium (K2O) – 1,0 %. Technical and economic advantages of the development Biofertilizer PoliFunkur, produced as a result of aerobic fermentation of poultry manure, provides forcing and yield enhancement of intertilled cultures, improving their quality, saving of nitrogen, phosphate and potash fertilizers and reduces the phase of insertion of organic fertilizers, contributes to the increase of ecological safety of the environment.

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Currents stage of project development We have developed the application technology for biopharmaceuticals in maize cultivation on various types of soils in the south-eastern part of Belarus; established the terms and methods for application of fertilizers and joint application of polifunkur with herbicides in tank mixture. Maize yield gain can reach 30 %.  Potential consumers Agricultural enterprises. Commercial offer Implementation of scientific and research work for particular consumers

NIKOLAY DAINEKO
HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY AND PLANT PHYSIOLOGY
CANDIDATE OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, DOCENT
tel. +(375 232) 57-89-05, fax +(375 232) 60-30-02,
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METHODOLOGICAL DOCUMENT “RECOMMENDATIONS ON FOREST REHABILITATION OF BROADLEAVED WOODLAND”

Broadleaved woodland of Belarus occupies the areas that are lower than potentially available ones, while such species as an ash tree, an elm tree and a maple are dying out in the forest resources of the Republic. The reserve for widening of the nemorose and broadleaved formation groups includes the areas of the young growth less valuable woody species, such as a birch, an aspen, a horn beech, etc., growing on the rich soils. Reforesting of the broadleaved woodland is fulfilled within the process of intermediate felling and conversion cut.
Application It is intended for usage in the planned intermediate felling and conversion of small-leaved plantings into agriculturally important broadleaved ones, including the oak plantings.
Application of the methodological document encourages reforesting of the climax oak forest with resource, water protection, habitat forming and other functions.

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Conversion by means of felling of the derivative birch planting into the oak one

Description The methodological document regulates the intermediate felling regime (rules for selection of the trees for intermediate felling, cutting intensity and minimal cutting density) and the target composition.
Ecological effect involves the efficient use of the forest resources. Application of the recommendations provides formation and growing of the mixed oak plantings, increase of the ecological functions and preserving of biological diversity in the oak-woods.
Potential consumers Forestries of the Ministry of forestry of the Republic of Belarus. Commercial offer Execution of research and development work for the particular clients.

MARINA LAZAREVA
HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT OF FORESTRY DISCIPLINES
CANDIDATE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, DOCENT
tel. +(375 232) 57-11-15, fax +(375 232) 57-81-11,
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MOLECULAR AND CENETIC TECHNOLOGY FOR DIAGNOSTICS OF PATHOGENS OF OPISTHORCHIASIS AND OTHER SPECIES OF OPISTHORCHIIDAE

 

Application The developed molecular and genetic technology for DNA-diagnostics allows revealing the pathogens of opisthorchiasis and other species of Opisthorchiidae in intermediate and definitive hosts.
Description This technology is based on application of the genome marker – spacer 2 (ITS2) of ribosomal cluster, that can be applied for identification of the parasitic liver fluke liver fluke (Opisthorchis felineus), having a complex life-cycle and causing a dangerous disease – opisthorchiasis in humans and animals.
Potential consumers The results of the described technology can be applied in work of fish-farms and veterinary establishments.
Commercial offer Execution of research and development work for the particular clients.

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Оpisthorchiasis agent (Opisthorchis felineus)

 

 GRIGORY GONCHARENKO
HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY, PHYSIOLOGY AND GENETICS, CORRESPONDING MEMBER
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS, PROFESSOR
tel. +(375 232) 57-34-35, fax +(375 232) 60-75-61,
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DNA-IDENTIFICATION OF THE BREEDS AND ESTIMATION OF THE GENE POOL OF POPULATIONS OF HONEYBEES IN THE SOUTH-EASTERN PART OF BELARUS

 

Application The developed molecular and genetic technology of DNA-diagnostics allows implementation of precise breed identification of bees in the south-eastern part of Belarus.
Description Molecular and genetic methods for DNA-identification of the breed and estimation of the genetic resources in populations of honeybees in the south-eastern part of Belarus are developed. Mitochondrial genome of a honeybee is characterized in order to detect convenient genetic markers for the breed identification of a honeybee Apis mellifera.

 

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Circular mitochondrial DNA A. mellifera

On the basis of the methods developed the molecular genetic analysis of the spacer site of COI-COII mtDNA was carried out for the honeybees in a number of biotopes from the Gomel region. On a sample of 60 amplicons 56 amplicons (size 350 bps) were obtained (Q allele, typical of the southern Carpathian and Crainian) and 4 amplicons (size 600 bps) (PQQ allele, typical of the Middle Russian breed).
Comparison of the results of morphometric and molecular and genetic analysis on identification of the breed composition for A.mellifera proved in majority of cases the full compliance among the analyzed species of the Crainian), Carpathian and Middle Russian  breed with the genetic marker and the morphometric indicators.
At the same time a slight number of species referred on the morphometric principle to the Middle Russian breed showed a non-characteristic allele Q (350 bps). This is an example of miscegenation among the Middle Russian and southern breeds of bees in population of the southern part of Belarus.
Potential consumers The results can be applied in work of the apiaries and agricultural sector. Commercial offer Execution of research and development work for the particular clients.

GRIGORY GONCHARENKO
HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY, PHYSIOLOGY AND GENETICS, CORRESPONDING MEMBER
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS, PROFESSOR
tel. +(375 232) 57-34-35, fax +(375 232) 60-75-61,
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POLYMER COMPOSITIONS USED TO OBTAIN POLYETHYLENE-BASED MONOLITHS AND FILM COATINGS RESISTANT TO THERMAL OXIDATION


Application: production of polymer films, industrial and household products from polyethylene. Relevance All polymers and polyolefins in particular are prone to the aging process, accompanied by deterioration in physico-mechanical properties of the polymers. To prolong the service life, improve the properties of polyolefins and increase the life of their products, antioxidant additives or antioxidants are introduced. At the present time a large number of antioxidants have been synthesized, but they are too high-prices, so it is important and cost-effective to find ways to increase the effectiveness of existing antioxidants.

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Advantages: Application of these polymer compositions will allow for increase of exploitation period of polymer or an article thereof. This development is covered by the patent of the Republic of Belarus.

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Offered forms of cooperation: Signing of the contract on the provision of services for IR spectroscopic analysis of organic substances: the removal of transmission spectra, the spectra of repeatedly violated total internal reflection, the structural and group analysis of the results obtained.
Signing of a contract for R & D;Signing of a license agreement for the transfer of property rights to develop, assist in the implementation.

ELENA VOROBYOVA, HEAD OF INTERDEPARTMENTAL RESEARCH
AND DEVELOPMENT LABORATORY “PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF POLYMERS”
CANDIDATE OF CHEMISTRY, DOCENT
tel. +(375 232) 57-59-07, fax +(375 232) 60-75-61,
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